Exelon 1.5mg (Rivastigmin)
Exelon 1.5mg 28 Capsules/Pack
Cholinesterase inhibitor (Alzheimer’s)
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Discontinued, no stock
Exelon general information
What is Exelon used for?
Exelon capsules 1.5mg are used to treat mild to moderately severe dementia or Alzheimer's Disease, which is the most common form of dementia among older people, and is a progressive, irreversible, brain disease that leads to a gradual decline in cognitive function (thinking, reasoning, learning) characterised by memory loss, language problems, and unpredictable behaviour. Exelon capsules 1.5mg can help slow down the loss of cognitive function which ameliorates symptoms of dementia and improves daily functioning in people living with Alzheimer's Disease.
How does Exelon work?
Exelon capsules 1.5mg contain rivastigmin (or rivastigmine), a cholinesterase inhibitor that is used to treat Alzheimer's Disease. The loss of cognitive function (thinking, reasoning, learning and memory) that is associated with Alzheimer's Disease is caused by degeneration of brain cells, particularly those that produce the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (chemical that allows nerve cells to communicate). Acetylcholine is continually released by brain cells in specifics areas of the brain that control cognitive function and it is then degraded by the enzyme cholinesterase to prevent its build up in the synapses (gaps between neurones). A feature of the brain associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease is the appearance of two abnormal structures: plaques of neurons (nerve cells) and tangles of nerve fibres, which are thought to be responsible for damaging and killing nerve cells; followed by loss of connections between neurones in the brain. The tangles and bundles start in the inner temporal lobes and the cerebral cortex and then the spread of to other regions of the brain. Rivastigmin in Exelon capsules 1.5mg increases the level of acetylcholine in the brain by inhibiting the action of cholinesterase, which slows down the degradation of acetylcholine released by acetylcholine-producing neurones that are still functional and this increases levels of acetylcholine in the damaged areas of the brain. Exelon capsules 1.5mg help restore the cognitive processes of thinking, learning and memory and improve daily functioning in people living with Alzheimer's disease, by slowing down the progression of the disease but they cannot prevent its progression or cure the disease.
What does Exelon contain?
Exelon capsules 1.5mg contain the active ingredient Rivastigmin hydrogen tartrate (or rivastigmine), used to treat Alzheimer's disease. They also contain: gelatine, iron oxide, yellow (E 172), magnesium stearate, methylhydroxypropylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, printing ink, based on iron oxide, red (E 172), silica, colloidal anhydrous; titanium dioxide (E 171).
Treating Alzheimer's Disease with Exelon
Exelon capsules 1.5mg contain rivastigmin (or rivastigmine), a cholinesterase inhibitor that is used to treat mild to moderately severe dementia or Alzheimer's disease, a progressive and irreversible neurological disease, characterised by loss of cognitive function (thinking, reasoning, learning and memory). Alzheimer's disease is caused by degeneration of brain cells that produce the neurotransmitter (chemical that allows nerve cells to communicate) acetylcholine. Rivastigmin in Exelon capsules 1.5mg inhibits the action of cholinesterase, which slows down the degradation of acetylcholine released by acetylcholine-producing neurones that are still functional and this increases levels of acetylcholine in the damaged areas of the brain, helping to improve the cognitive processes of thinking, learning and memory. Exelon capsules 1.5mg can help slow down the progression of Alzheimer's disease and provide symptom relief but cannot prevent its progression or cure the disease.
What are the side effects of Exelon?
The most commonly reported side effects when taking Exelon capsules 1.5mg include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite weight loss, abdominal pain, indigestion, dizziness mood changes such as agitation and confusion, increased sweating, fatigue and asthenia (weakness), malaise (feeling unwell).
When should Exelon not be used?
You should not use Exelon capsules 1.5mg if you:
- are allergic to rivastigmin or other carbamate derivatives or any ingredients in Exelon
- are pregnant or are breastfeeding
- have liver disease
- are taking medicines that interact with Exelon, including: cholinergic muscle relaxants during anaesthesia, like bethanecol, anticholinergic medicines, like medication for travel sickness, mental illness and stomach cramps
How should Exelon be taken?
You should take your Exelon capsules 1.5mg swallowed whole with a glass of water, twice daily, with food, preferable at morning and evening meal times. Your doctor may increase your dose of capsules 1.5mg, depending on your response and your condition. You should continue to take your Exelon Exelon capsules 1.5mg as they help to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease but they do not cure it.
How long should you take Exelon?
You should continue to take your Exelon capsules 1.5mg as they help to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease but they do not cure it.
Missed dose of Exelon
If you miss a dose of Exelon capsules 1.5mg take it as soon as you remember, unless it is time to take the next dose, then skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose.
How should Exelon be stored?
You should store your Exelon below 30°C in a cool dry place.