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Our Dental/Oral section contains medications for treating infection and inflammation of the teeth and gums such as gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontal abscess and ulcers; also infections in areas around the mouth such as cold sores.
The different classes of Dental/Oral medication are listed on the left of the page and when you click on one of these, the principal brand name products display in the left column and generic alternatives to the right.
Our antibiotics class or Dental-Oral health medications include oral antibiotics used to treat bacterial infection of the teeth and gums that can cause gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, and can lead to periodontal disease.
The microenvironment of the mouth contains a rich variety of microorganisms, including bacteria that do not cause any harm under normal conditions. If the natural balance is tipped, harmful bacteria can grow to excess and cause harm to the gums and teeth. This can be due to hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause, as a side effect of medication, stress or a medical condition such as diabetes or simply to poor oral hygiene. The most important and effective way of keeping harmful bacteria at bay and protecting the teeth and gums is good oral hygiene including regular tooth-brushing and flossing of teeth.
If bacterial growth builds around the teeth this can lead to gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums, or periodontitis, which is a chronic bacterial infection of the supporting structures surrounding the teeth. This can cause destruction of the tooth structure and also allow bacteria into the circulation, resulting in increased risk of systemic conditions such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.1
Severe bacterial infections of the teeth and gums can be treated by oral antibiotics that inhibit growth and replication of the bacteria and thereby prevent further spread of the bacteria.
Antibiotics used for dental and oral bacterial infections include:
Our Antifungal class or Dental-Oral health medications include oral and topical antifungals used to treat fungal infection of the mouth, such as thrush that can cause bleeding and discomfort. <br/><br/>
Oral thrush is caused by the yeast fungus candida albicans, which is normally present in small amounts on the mucus membranes of the mouth and tongue. However, under certain conditions this fungus can become overgrown and form white patches in the mouth and throat. These patches are colonies of candida and can produce a cottony feel in the mouth, which can affect taste and also cause the underlying tissues to become inflamed and to bleed, causing discomfort and sometimes, difficulty swallowing.
Oral thrush can be treated by use of topical and oral antifungals. These include:
Our Mouth Ulcers class of Dental-Oral medications are used to treat mouth ulcers, which are open lesions in the mouth, to relieve pain and promote healing.
Plaque is a sticky film that forms over the surface of the tooth and contains bacteria, which thrive on the sugar content of the diet. The bacteria in this biofilm are not normally harmful, but if they are not regulated by regular teeth cleaning, the plaque builds up and the bacteria grow and produce acid, which is harmful to the teeth causing erosion of the enamel surface of the teeth. The plaque also thickens and hardens into a substance called tartar or calculus, which can then only be removed by a dentist.
Poor oral hygiene can cause periodontal disease or periodontitis, which is irreversible change to the supporting structures of the teeth. This can lead to destruction of the teeth due to inflammation of the tissues that support the teeth, loss of alveolar bone, loosening and loss of teeth and periodontal pocketing.
A periodontal pocket contains plaque, bacteria and calculus that have got into the space between the tooth and the gum. As the bacteria spread below the gum line, the bone and connective tissue are eroded by toxins produced by the bacteria, and inflammatory chemicals produced during the body’s immune response to the infection. This can cause irreversible damage to the structure of the tooth.
Periodontitis has also been associated with increased risk of more serious chronic conditions like cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and stroke and has even been linked to premature births in mothers with periodontal disease. Also control of blood sugar in people with diabetes is compromised by periodontal disease.