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Antibiotics
Our antibiotics class of Infections medications are used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections and are available as oral and topical anti-bacterial treatments, including tablets, creams, gels and eye drops for systemic or topical bacterial infection.

Use the search feature to quickly find the product you are looking for, by entering either the active ingredient, e.g. amoxycillin or the product name, e.g. Alphamox

...Read more
Our antibiotics class of Infections medications are used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections and are available as oral and topical anti-bacterial treatments, including tablets, creams, gels and eye drops for systemic or topical bacterial infection.

Use the search feature to quickly find the product you are looking for, by entering either the active ingredient, e.g. amoxycillin or the product name, e.g. Alphamox

...Read more

Alphamox (Amoxycillin 250mg/5ml)
Alphamox (Amoxycillin 250mg/5ml)

Amoxycillin
Stable for 10 days once reconstituted with water. Also known as Amoxil or Biomox
From $0.15 per mL
Augmentin (Amoxycillin/ Clavulanic Acid 875mg/125mg) Tablets (Sourced from Turkey)
Augmentin (Amoxycillin/ Clavulanic Acid 875mg/125mg) Tablets (Sourced from Turkey)
Amoxycillin/ Clavulanic Acid
Original branded product (Turkish writing), made by GSK, sourced from Turkey - comes with an English language leaflet.
From $0.97 per Tablet
Cephadex (Cephalexin 500mg) Capsules
Cephadex (Cephalexin 500mg) Capsules

Cephalexin
Also known as Cefalexin or Keflex
From $0.75 per Capsule
Dapsone 100mg
Dapsone 100mg

Dapsone
From $0.05 per Tablet
APO-Amoxi (Amoxicillin) 250mg
APO-Amoxi (Amoxicillin) 250mg

Amoxycillin
Also known as Amoxil
From $0.12 per Capsule
APO-Azithromycin 500mg
APO-Azithromycin 500mg

Azithromycin
Also known as Zithromax
From $4.25 per Tablet
APO-Amoxi (Amoxicillin) 500mg
APO-Amoxi (Amoxicillin) 500mg

Amoxycillin
Also known as Amoxil
From $0.13 per Capsule
APO-Clarithromycin 500mg 14
APO-Clarithromycin 500mg 14

Clarithromycin
Also known as Biaxin
From $2.46 per Tablet
Augmentin (Amoxycillin and Clavulanic Acid 125mg/5ml)
Augmentin (Amoxycillin and Clavulanic Acid 125mg/5ml)
On Sale
Amoxycillin and Clavulanic Acid
Stable for 10 days once reconstituted with water
From $0.11 per mL
Augmentin 500mg
Augmentin 500mg
Amoxycillin 500mg/Clavulanic Acid 125mg
From $1.15 per Tablet
Azee (Azithromycin 500mg) Tablets
Azee (Azithromycin 500mg) Tablets

Azithromycin
Also known as Zithromax
Out Of Stock
Bactrim DS (Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim 800mg/160mg) Tablets
Bactrim DS (Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim 800mg/160mg) Tablets

Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim
Double Strength Tablets
From $0.42 per Tablet
Bactroban (Mupirocin) Ointment
Bactroban (Mupirocin) Ointment
Mupirocin 2%
Also known as Mupirocin Ointment
From $1.53 per Gram
Clindamycin ABM 150mg
Clindamycin ABM 150mg

Clindamycin
From $1.75 per Capsule
Cefaclor Capsules 250mg
Cefaclor Capsules 250mg

Cefaclor Monohydrate
Also known as Ceclor
From $0.89 per Capsule
Cefrine (Cefdinir) 300mg
Cefrine (Cefdinir) 300mg
On Sale

Cefdinir
Also known as Cefzon or Omnicef
From $0.60 per Capsule
Cefybond 250 (Cefuroxime) 250mg
Cefybond 250 (Cefuroxime) 250mg

Cefuroxime Axetil
Also known as Zinacef
Out Of Stock
Cefybond 500 (Cefuroxime) 500mg
Cefybond 500 (Cefuroxime) 500mg
On Sale

Cefuroxime Axetil
Also known as Zinacef
From $1.35 per Tablet
Chlorsig 1% (Chloramphenicol)
Chlorsig 1% (Chloramphenicol)
Chloramphenicol
From $4.89 per Gram
Cephalexin (Cefalexin 250mg) Capsules
Cephalexin (Cefalexin 250mg) Capsules

Cephalexin
Also known as Cefalexin or Keflex
From $0.82 per Capsule
Cephalexin (Cefalexin) 500mg
Cephalexin (Cefalexin) 500mg

Cephalexin
Also known as Cefalexin or Keflex
From $0.90 per Capsule
Cilicaine VK 250mg (Penicillin)
Cilicaine VK 250mg (Penicillin)
Phenoxymethyl Penicillin
From $0.42 per Capsule
Cilicaine VK 500mg (Penicillin)
Cilicaine VK 500mg (Penicillin)
Phenoxymethyl Penicillin
From $0.53 per Capsule
Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 250mg)
Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 250mg)

Ciprofloxacin
Also known as Cipro
From $0.96 per Tablet
Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 500mg)
Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 500mg)

Ciprofloxacin
Also known as Cipro
From $1.29 per Tablet
Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 750mg)
Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 750mg)

Ciprofloxacin
Also known as Cipro
From $1.71 per Tablet
Clindac A (Clindamycin phosphate 1%)
Clindac A (Clindamycin phosphate 1%)

Clindamycin phosphate
Also known as Cleocin
From $0.56 per mL
Fucithalmic Eye Drops (Fusidic Acid)
Fucithalmic Eye Drops (Fusidic Acid)

Fusidic Acid
From $4.60 per Gram
APO-Clarithromycin 250mg 14
APO-Clarithromycin 250mg 14

Clarithromycin
Also known as Biaxin
From $1.92 per Tablet
Clindot Gel (Clindamycin)
Clindot Gel (Clindamycin)
Clindamycin 1%
From $0.90 per Gram
Curam (Amoxycillin and Clavulanic Acid 250mg/5ml)
Curam (Amoxycillin and Clavulanic Acid 250mg/5ml)

Amoxycillin and Clavulanic Acid
Stable for 10 days once reconstituted with water. Each ml of Curam is equal to 62.5mg (Amoxycillin 50mg/Clavulanic 12.5mg) Suitable for human and animal use. Also known as Clavulox or Augmentin.
From $0.20 per mL
Dalacin C (Clindamycin 150mg) Capsules
Dalacin C (Clindamycin 150mg) Capsules
Clindamycin
From $1.60 per Capsule
Doxy-50 (Doxycycline) 50mg
Doxy-50 (Doxycycline) 50mg

Doxycycline
Discontinued
Dox-100 (Doxycycline 100mg)
Dox-100 (Doxycycline 100mg)

Doxycycline
Film-Coated Tablet. Also known as Doryx, Doxyhexal or Doxylin
From $0.17 per Tablet
Doxine (Doxycycline hyclate 100mg) Tablets
Doxine (Doxycycline hyclate 100mg) Tablets

Doxycycline hyclate
Also known as Doryx, Doxyhexal or Doxylin
From $0.30 per Tablet
Doxybond-LB 100mg (Doxycycline & Lactic Acid Bacillus)
Doxybond-LB 100mg (Doxycycline & Lactic Acid Bacillus)

Doxycycline and Lactic Acid Bacillus
From $0.45 per Capsule
E-Mycin 400mg (Erythromycin)
E-Mycin 400mg (Erythromycin)

Erythromycin 400mg
From $0.42 per Tablet
ERA (Erythromycin 500mg)
ERA (Erythromycin 500mg)
Erythromycin
From $0.99 per Tablet
Fasigyn (Tinidazole 500mg) Tablets
Fasigyn (Tinidazole 500mg) Tablets
On Sale

Tinidazole
From $0.44 per Tablet
Flucort-N Cream (Neomycin, Fluocinolone)
Flucort-N Cream (Neomycin, Fluocinolone)

Neomycin 0.5% and Fluocinolone 0.025%
From $0.86 per Gram
Fucicort Cream 20mg (Fusidic Acid/Betamethasone)
Fucicort Cream 20mg (Fusidic Acid/Betamethasone)
Fusidic Acid & Betamethasone
From $1.67 per Gram
Levoquin-250 (Levofloxacin 250mg)
Levoquin-250 (Levofloxacin 250mg)

Levofloxacin
Also known as Levaquin
From $0.98 per Tablet
LQuin (Levofloxacin) 750mg Tablets
LQuin (Levofloxacin) 750mg Tablets

Levofloxacin
Also known as Levaquin
From $1.13 per Tablet
Metrogyl 200 (Metronidazole)
Metrogyl 200 (Metronidazole)

Metronidazole 200mg
Also known as Flagyl
From $0.27 per Tablet
Muply (Mupirocin 2%) Ointment
Muply (Mupirocin 2%) Ointment
On Sale

Mupirocin
Also known as Bactroban or Mupirocin Ointment
From $1.80 per Gram
Metrogyl 400 (Metronidazole)
Metrogyl 400 (Metronidazole)

Metronidazole 400mg
Also known as Flagyl
From $0.37 per Tablet
Rozex  Cream 0.75% (Metronidazole)
Rozex Cream 0.75% (Metronidazole)
Metronidazole
From $1.63 per Gram
Rozex Gel 0.75%  (Metronidazole) 50g
Rozex Gel 0.75% (Metronidazole) 50g
Metronidazole
From $1.43 per Gram
Minocycline 50mg
Minocycline 50mg
Minocycline 50mg
Out Of Stock
Minomycin 100mg
Minomycin 100mg
Minocycline
Out Of Stock
Moxicip (Moxifloxacin 400mg) 10's
Moxicip (Moxifloxacin 400mg) 10's

Moxifloxacin 400mg
Also known as Avelox
From $3.61 per Tablet
Nifuran (Nitrofurantoin 50mg)
Nifuran (Nitrofurantoin 50mg)

Nitrofurantoin
From $0.59 per Tablet
Nifuran 100mg (Nitrofurantoin)
Nifuran 100mg (Nitrofurantoin)
Nitrofurantoin 100mg
From $0.81 per Tablet
Orni 500 (Ornidazole 500mg) Tablets
Orni 500 (Ornidazole 500mg) Tablets

Ornidazole
From $1.65 per Tablet
Podocip (Cefpodoxime 200mg)
Podocip (Cefpodoxime 200mg)

Cefpodoxime
Also known as Simplicef
Out Of Stock
Probenecid-AFT 500mg
Probenecid-AFT 500mg
Probenecid
From $1.15 per Tablet
Resteclin (Tetracycline 500mg)
Resteclin (Tetracycline 500mg)

Tetracycline
Also known as Hostacycline or Sumycin
From $0.30 per Capsule
Rifaclean (Rifaximin 550mg)
Rifaclean (Rifaximin 550mg)

Rifaximin
Also known as Xifaxan
From $1.70 per Tablet
Rifakem-200 (Rifaximin)
Rifakem-200 (Rifaximin)

Rifaximin 200mg
Also known as Xifaxan
From $0.85 per Tablet
Rifakem-400 (Rifaximin)
Rifakem-400 (Rifaximin)

Rifaximin 400mg
Also known as Xifaxan
From $1.30 per Tablet
Rifakem-550 (Rifaximin 550mg)
Rifakem-550 (Rifaximin 550mg)

Rifaximin
Also known as Xifaxan
From $1.80 per Tablet
Arrow - Roxithromycin 300
Arrow - Roxithromycin 300

Roxithromycin 300mg
Also known as Rulide
From $0.99 per Tablet
Staphlex 250mg
Staphlex 250mg

Flucloxacillin
Out Of Stock
Tinvista (Tinidazole 500mg)
Tinvista (Tinidazole 500mg)

Tinidazole
Also known as Fasigyn or Tindamax
From $0.73 per Tablet
Topcef-200 (Cefixime 200mg)
Topcef-200 (Cefixime 200mg)

Cefixime
From $0.66 per Tablet
Trichozole 200mg  (Metronidazole)
Trichozole 200mg (Metronidazole)

Metronidazole
Also known as Flagyl
From $0.30 per Tablet
Trichozole 400mg (Metronidazole)
Trichozole 400mg (Metronidazole)

Metronidazole
Also known as Flagyl
From $0.46 per Tablet
Trimethoprim 300mg
Trimethoprim 300mg

Trimethoprim 300mg
Also known as Monotrim, Proloprim or Triprim
From $0.81 per Tablet
Trisul 500 Tablets/Pack (Sulphamethoxazole/Trimethoprim)
Trisul 500 Tablets/Pack (Sulphamethoxazole/Trimethoprim)

Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim
Also known as Bactrim or Co-Trimoxazole
From $0.24 per Tablet
Vanlid 250mg (Vancomycin)
Vanlid 250mg (Vancomycin)

Vancomycin
From $5.40 per Capsule
Zathrin (Azithromycin 250mg)
Zathrin (Azithromycin 250mg)

Azithromycin
Also known as Zithromax
From $1.95 per Tablet
Zoxan 250mg (Ciprofloxacin)
Zoxan 250mg (Ciprofloxacin)

Ciprofloxacin
Also known as Cipro
From $1.09 per Tablet
Zoxan 500mg (Ciprofloxacin)
Zoxan 500mg (Ciprofloxacin)

Ciprofloxacin
Also known as Cipro
From $1.41 per Tablet

Types of bacterial infection

Examples of bacteria that cause infections and illness include:
  • Streptococcus, a common cause of a sore throat, known as strep throat; and respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, pharyngitis sinusitis and tonsillitis; also otitis medis (ear infection); scarlet fever; some serious skin infections like impetigo (superficial skin infection causing sores); the eye infection conjunctivitis. Group B Streptococcus causes meningitis.

  • Staphylococcus usually causes skin infections like as furuncules (boils), abscesses, cellulitis (infected area of skin causing inflammation), impetigo (superficial skin infection causing sores); also osteomyelitis (infection of bone), pneumonia and the eye infection conjunctivitis.

  • Escherichia coli (commonly known as E. coli), which normally lives in the intestines without causing harm, however, some strains cause gastroenteritis with diarrhoea and vomiting; also urinary tract infections, peritonitis and prostatitis in men.

  • Chlamydia causes sexually transmitted diseases like urethritis, which is symptom free but can cause damage to female reproductive organs if not treated, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (infection and inflammation of uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries). Chlamydia also causes eye infections like conjunctivitis and trachoma.

  • Helicobacter pylori is associated with stomach ulcers.

  • Haemophilus causes meningitis in babies (Haemophilus influenzae type B); also pneumonia and the eye infection conjunctivitis.

  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae also known as gonococcus causes the sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhoea.

  • Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes opportunistic infection (bacteria that lie dormant until activated by low immunity) following HIV infection.

  • Actinobacilus is one of several types of bacteria that normally live in the mouth but also cause tooth and gum diseases like a abscess and inflammation of the gum (gingivitis) or tooth (periodonitis) .

  • Meningococcus causes meningitis, which is inflammation of the meninges that are the linings surrounding the brain.

  • Propionibacterium acnes is a bacteria that normally lives in the sebaceous glands (oil producing glands) of the skin, but when a pore becomes blocked as happens when acne develops, the bacteria can overgrow and cause infected acne.

Types of antibiotics

Commonly used antibiotics include:
  • Penicillins like Amoxycillin are broad-spectrum antibiotics that target the bacterial call wall and belong to the beta lactam group of antibiotics. They contain a structure called the beta lactam ring, which is readily attacked by the bacterial enzyme beta-lactamase and can result in resistant bacteria, such as some staphylococci. Amoxycillin is often used in combination with clavulanic acid, an antibiotic structurally related to the penicillins but is able to inactivate a wide range of beta-lactamase enzymes, which helps prevent resistance and also broadens the range of use for amoxicillin. Flucloxacillin is a narrow range penicillin-like antibiotic that is stable to the action of beta-lactamase. Phenoxymethyl penicillin is a form of penicillin that is better absorbed in the intestines and can be used when higher concentrations are needed.

  • Cephalosporins like Cephalexin are broad spectrum antibiotics that target the bacterial cell wall and are a sub-group of the beta lactams but are less susceptible to destruction by beta-lactamase.

  • Macrolides like Erythromycin, Clarithromycin and Azithromycin are broad spectrum antibiotics that target bacterial protein synthesis and are used to treat a variety of mild to moderate infections. They are often used for those allergic to penicillin antibiotics and to prevent opportunistic infection (bacteria that lie dormant until activated by low immunity) with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) in people with HIV. Clarithromycin is used as part of a combination therapy with an acid lowering medication like omeprazole, to treat gastric ulcers that are caused by infection of the stomach with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

  • Lincosamides like Clindamycin target protein synthesis and are used for oral treatment of a wide range of infections. Clindamycin is also used as a topical treatment for acne that becomes infected with Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.

  • Tetracyclines like Doxycycline and Minocycline target protein synthesis and are broad-spectrum antibiotics that are used primarily for respiratory tract infections like pneumonia and bronchitis; urinary tract infections; sexually transmitted diseases and for oral treatment of skin infections including infected acne.

  • Trimethoprim is a synthetic antibiotic that targets an essential bacterial enzyme and is used specifically for urinary tract infections, like cystitis. It is also used in combination with other antibiotics to treat other infections when a single antibiotic has not eliminated the infection, including respiratory tract, genital tract and gastrointestinal infections.

  • Sulphonamides like sulfamethoxazole block an important bacterial metabolic process. Sulfamethoxazole is used in combination with Trimethoprim, a combination known as cotrimoxazole, for infections that have not responded to a single antibiotic.

  • Fluoroquinolones like ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin target essential bacterial enzymes and are used for serious infections and those that have not responded to treatment using other antibiotics, including pneumonia, Legionnaire's disease acute sinusitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, prostatitis, peritonitis, complicated skin infections and bacteremia (bacteria in the blood circulation). They are also used for infections where antibiotic resistance causes problems with treatment.

  • Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic that damages bacterial DNA and is specifically used for urinary infections like cystitis and prostatitis.

Antibacterial and antiprotozoal medications

Metronidazole is an antibacterial and antiprotozoal medication, which means that it can be used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria and protozoan (single-cell organisms) parasites. Metronidazole works by damaging bacterial and protozoal DNA and some important enzymes. It is used to treat severe infections like septicemia, bacteremia, peritonitis, osteomyelitis, pelvic cellulitis; also teeth and gum infections. Protozoan illnesses that respond to treatment with Metronidazole include amoebiasis or dysentery caused by Entamoeba histolytica; giardiasis caused by Giardia lamblia, with symptoms including diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps; and urogenital trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted disease of the vagina caused by Trichomonas vaginalis.

Topical use of Metronidazole as a cream or gel helps with the treatment of rosacea an inflammatory skin condition, although its mechanism of action in reducing inflammatory lesions is not known.

Topical antibiotics

Mupirocin is a topical antibiotic used for skin infections like impetigo, folliculitis (infected hair follicles) and furunculosis (boils), also for skin that becomes infected due to skin damage from eczema, psoriasis ulcers, minor burns, cuts, grazes and insect bites. It is applied as an ointment to infected areas.

Chloramphenicol and fusidic acid are used for bacterial eye infections like conjunctivitis, blepharitis (infection of the eyelid) and stye of the eye (infection at the base of the eyelash), and it is applied as eye drops.

Clindamycin is used as a topical treatment for acne that becomes infected with Propionibacterium acnes bacteria and is applied as a gel to infected areas.

Other medications

Probenecid is not an antibiotic but is used to improve the effectiveness of penicillin antibiotics by prolonging the length of time the antibiotic remains in the blood before it is excreted into the urine.




...Read more

Types of bacterial infection

Examples of bacteria that cause infections and illness include:
  • Streptococcus, a common cause of a sore throat, known as strep throat; and respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, pharyngitis sinusitis and tonsillitis; also otitis medis (ear infection); scarlet fever; some serious skin infections like impetigo (superficial skin infection causing sores); the eye infection conjunctivitis. Group B Streptococcus causes meningitis.

  • Staphylococcus usually causes skin infections like as furuncules (boils), abscesses, cellulitis (infected area of skin causing inflammation), impetigo (superficial skin infection causing sores); also osteomyelitis (infection of bone), pneumonia and the eye infection conjunctivitis.

  • Escherichia coli (commonly known as E. coli), which normally lives in the intestines without causing harm, however, some strains cause gastroenteritis with diarrhoea and vomiting; also urinary tract infections, peritonitis and prostatitis in men.

  • Chlamydia causes sexually transmitted diseases like urethritis, which is symptom free but can cause damage to female reproductive organs if not treated, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (infection and inflammation of uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries). Chlamydia also causes eye infections like conjunctivitis and trachoma.

  • Helicobacter pylori is associated with stomach ulcers.

  • Haemophilus causes meningitis in babies (Haemophilus influenzae type B); also pneumonia and the eye infection conjunctivitis.

  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae also known as gonococcus causes the sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhoea.

  • Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes opportunistic infection (bacteria that lie dormant until activated by low immunity) following HIV infection.

  • Actinobacilus is one of several types of bacteria that normally live in the mouth but also cause tooth and gum diseases like a abscess and inflammation of the gum (gingivitis) or tooth (periodonitis) .

  • Meningococcus causes meningitis, which is inflammation of the meninges that are the linings surrounding the brain.

  • Propionibacterium acnes is a bacteria that normally lives in the sebaceous glands (oil producing glands) of the skin, but when a pore becomes blocked as happens when acne develops, the bacteria can overgrow and cause infected acne.

Types of antibiotics

Commonly used antibiotics include:
  • Penicillins like Amoxycillin are broad-spectrum antibiotics that target the bacterial call wall and belong to the beta lactam group of antibiotics. They contain a structure called the beta lactam ring, which is readily attacked by the bacterial enzyme beta-lactamase and can result in resistant bacteria, such as some staphylococci. Amoxycillin is often used in combination with clavulanic acid, an antibiotic structurally related to the penicillins but is able to inactivate a wide range of beta-lactamase enzymes, which helps prevent resistance and also broadens the range of use for amoxicillin. Flucloxacillin is a narrow range penicillin-like antibiotic that is stable to the action of beta-lactamase. Phenoxymethyl penicillin is a form of penicillin that is better absorbed in the intestines and can be used when higher concentrations are needed.

  • Cephalosporins like Cephalexin are broad spectrum antibiotics that target the bacterial cell wall and are a sub-group of the beta lactams but are less susceptible to destruction by beta-lactamase.

  • Macrolides like Erythromycin, Clarithromycin and Azithromycin are broad spectrum antibiotics that target bacterial protein synthesis and are used to treat a variety of mild to moderate infections. They are often used for those allergic to penicillin antibiotics and to prevent opportunistic infection (bacteria that lie dormant until activated by low immunity) with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) in people with HIV. Clarithromycin is used as part of a combination therapy with an acid lowering medication like omeprazole, to treat gastric ulcers that are caused by infection of the stomach with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

  • Lincosamides like Clindamycin target protein synthesis and are used for oral treatment of a wide range of infections. Clindamycin is also used as a topical treatment for acne that becomes infected with Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.

  • Tetracyclines like Doxycycline and Minocycline target protein synthesis and are broad-spectrum antibiotics that are used primarily for respiratory tract infections like pneumonia and bronchitis; urinary tract infections; sexually transmitted diseases and for oral treatment of skin infections including infected acne.

  • Trimethoprim is a synthetic antibiotic that targets an essential bacterial enzyme and is used specifically for urinary tract infections, like cystitis. It is also used in combination with other antibiotics to treat other infections when a single antibiotic has not eliminated the infection, including respiratory tract, genital tract and gastrointestinal infections.

  • Sulphonamides like sulfamethoxazole block an important bacterial metabolic process. Sulfamethoxazole is used in combination with Trimethoprim, a combination known as cotrimoxazole, for infections that have not responded to a single antibiotic.

  • Fluoroquinolones like ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin target essential bacterial enzymes and are used for serious infections and those that have not responded to treatment using other antibiotics, including pneumonia, Legionnaire's disease acute sinusitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, prostatitis, peritonitis, complicated skin infections and bacteremia (bacteria in the blood circulation). They are also used for infections where antibiotic resistance causes problems with treatment.

  • Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic that damages bacterial DNA and is specifically used for urinary infections like cystitis and prostatitis.

Antibacterial and antiprotozoal medications

Metronidazole is an antibacterial and antiprotozoal medication, which means that it can be used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria and protozoan (single-cell organisms) parasites. Metronidazole works by damaging bacterial and protozoal DNA and some important enzymes. It is used to treat severe infections like septicemia, bacteremia, peritonitis, osteomyelitis, pelvic cellulitis; also teeth and gum infections. Protozoan illnesses that respond to treatment with Metronidazole include amoebiasis or dysentery caused by Entamoeba histolytica; giardiasis caused by Giardia lamblia, with symptoms including diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps; and urogenital trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted disease of the vagina caused by Trichomonas vaginalis.

Topical use of Metronidazole as a cream or gel helps with the treatment of rosacea an inflammatory skin condition, although its mechanism of action in reducing inflammatory lesions is not known.

Topical antibiotics

Mupirocin is a topical antibiotic used for skin infections like impetigo, folliculitis (infected hair follicles) and furunculosis (boils), also for skin that becomes infected due to skin damage from eczema, psoriasis ulcers, minor burns, cuts, grazes and insect bites. It is applied as an ointment to infected areas.

Chloramphenicol and fusidic acid are used for bacterial eye infections like conjunctivitis, blepharitis (infection of the eyelid) and stye of the eye (infection at the base of the eyelash), and it is applied as eye drops.

Clindamycin is used as a topical treatment for acne that becomes infected with Propionibacterium acnes bacteria and is applied as a gel to infected areas.

Other medications

Probenecid is not an antibiotic but is used to improve the effectiveness of penicillin antibiotics by prolonging the length of time the antibiotic remains in the blood before it is excreted into the urine.




...Read more

Antibiotics
All medicines have risks and benefits, and individual results may vary. Only purchase medicines from this site in accordance with the advice you have obtained from an appropriate medical professional.
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