Our Antibiotics class of Skin Care medications contain topical antibiotic ointments containing antibiotics used for treating skin infections.
Topical antibiotics prevent spread of bacteria and allow the infected skin to heal.
Our Anti-parasitic/Scabies class of Infections contain topical medications used to treat infections with the parasitic scabies mite that burrows into the skin and causes irritation. <br/><br/>
Our Scalp products class of Skin Care products contain topical medications to treat skin conditions of the scalp, like dermatitis, dandruff, seborrhoeic dermatitis and psoriasis to relieve itchy painful symptoms.
Many skin conditions that affect the rest of the body also affect the scalp and cause itching, redness, scaling and crusting of the skin of the scalp. These include
Dermatitis is a general term that applies to inflammation of the skin and can occur affect any area of the skin, including the scalp. There are many possible causes for dermatitis such as an allergic reaction, contact with an irritant or excessively dry skin. Eczema, another term for dermatitis usually refers to chronic itchy inflammatory skin condition that is also known as atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis, as there is a genetic predisposition due to an inherited atopic tendency, with a family history of three closely linked conditions: asthma, eczema and hay fever.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a chronic form of dermatitis that affects the scalp and is thought to be due to an inflammatory reaction to a common inhabitant of the skin, the yeast fungus Malassezia (previously called Pityrosporum) that lives in the sebum. Symptoms include greasy scaling of the scalp with itchy red and crusty patches and flaky persistent dandruff, which is a common mild form of seborrhoeic dermatitis, characterised by flaking of the skin on the scalp.
Medications used to treat inflammatory skin conditions of the scalp contain a range of ingredients that work by different mechanisms of action.
Our Skin Beauty class of Skin Care products contains oral and topical treatments for aging and damaged skin, also creams for improving the appearance of scars.
The environment, particularly exposure to UV from the sun, contributes to skin damage and together with the natural aging process causes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Free radicals are unstable and highly reactive chemicals produced by oxidation, which is a chemical reaction that occurs in the body as a result of normal metabolism or due to environmental factors such as UV radiation or pollution and cigarette smoke. Free radicals can cause cell damage and cell death and are thought to contribute to skin damage. Antioxidants are stable compounds that neutralise free radicals and therefore, protect against the damage they can cause. Some antioxidants like glutathione occur naturally in the body, they can also be obtained from the diet in a range of fruits and vegetables, such as Vitamin E, the most common fat-soluble antioxidant and Vitamin C, the most common water-soluble antioxidant.
The visible signs of aging and the impact of the environment on the skin include dryness, fine lines and wrinkles and dullness of complexion. These signs are a reflection of changes in the epidermis and dermis layers of the skin due to environmental damage, loss of collagen and elastin, and loss of moisture, resulting in reduced elasticity and thinning of the skin.
Certain medications that are generally used for treating acne can also be helpful for reducing skin blemishes, including azaleic acid and tretinoin.
Tretinoin is an active metabolite of Vitamin A that interacts with retinoid receptors in skin cells and affects several processes, including cell growth, proliferation and differentiation, and production of sebum. It also increases collagen and elastin production and inhibits the activity of certain enzymes that break down collagen and elastin. Tretinoin works by blocking the keratinisation process, which is hardening of the outer skin layer due to deposition of keratin; also by promoting skin turnover replacing old damaged skin with new skin, which helps the natural exfoliation process of the outer skin layer. Increased collagen helps restore skin flexibility. All these actions contribute to the anti-aging action of tretinoin, which can be used as topical treatment in a cream or gel to reduce visible signs of ageing on the face, including age spots and fine wrinkles. Other effects include lightening of age spots or pigmented patches of skin.