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Nizonide (Nitazoxanide 500mg)

Nizonide general information

What is Nizonide used for?

Nizonide tablets 500mg are used to treat diarrhoea caused by infection with the parasitic protozoal (single cell) organism Giardia lamblia, causing Giardiasis or Cryptosporidium parvum, causing Cryptosporidiosis.  Both organisims live in the intestines and are passed in the faeces and can survive outside the body for long periods of time.  Infection is usually from food or water contaminated with faeces and is easily spread by contact and lack of good hygiene.  Symptoms of Giardiasis usually develop 9-15 days after infection and can last up to 6 weeks; they include diarrhoea, gas, greasy stools that tend to float, stomach or abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and dehydration due to loss of fluids, although in some cases there are no symptoms.  Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis usually develop 2-10 after infection and last for 1-2 weeks; they include watery diarrhoea, stomach cramps or pain, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, fever and weight loss.  Nizonide tablets 500mg kill the parasite and relieve the symptoms of infection.

How does Nizonide work?

Nizonide tablets 500mg contain nitazoxanide, a thiazolide class of drug that has broad-spectrum anti-parasitic and antiviral activity, and is used as an antiprotozoal to treat giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis to relieve symptoms and clear up the parasitic infection.  Nitazoxanide in Nizonide tablets 500mg and its active metabolite tizoxanide are thought to work by interfering with an enzyme activity (pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR) enzyme-dependent electron transfer reaction) that promotes conversion of specific chemicals into an energy source needed for survival of the protozoal parasite.  This action of nitazoxanide in Nizonide tablets 500mg inhibits growth of the parasite, which kills the parasite and prevents spread of infection, allowing symptoms of infection to clear up for both giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis.  Nizonide tablets 500mg are effective for larval as well as adult stages of the lifecycle and are effective within 3 days of treatment.

What does Nizonide contain?

Nizonide tablets 500mg contain the active ingredient nitazoxanide, an antiprotozoal used to treat giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis to relieve symptoms and clear up the parasitic infection. 

Treating giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis with Nizonide

Nizonide tablets 500mg contain the antiprotozoal nitazoxanide, used to treat diarrhoea caused by infection with the parasitic protozoal (single cell) organism Giardia lamblia, causing Giardiasis or Cryptosporidium parvum, causing Cryptosporidiosis.  These parasitic infections are usually due to consuming food or water contaminated with faeces and are easily spread by contact and lack of good hygiene.  Symptoms of Giardiasis usually develop 9-15 days after infection and can last up to 6 weeks; they include diarrhoea, gas, greasy stools that tend to float, stomach or abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and dehydration due to loss of fluids, although in some cases there are no symptoms.  Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis usually develop 2-10 after infection and last for 1-2 weeks; they include watery diarrhoea, stomach cramps or pain, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, fever, weight loss.  Nitazoxanide in Nizonide tablets 500mg is are thought to work by interfering with the conversion of specific chemicals into an energy source needed for the parasitic protozoal cell survival.  This inhibits growth of the parasite, which kills the parasite and prevents spread of infection, allowing symptoms of infection to clear up for both giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis. 

What are the side effects of Nizonide?

The most commonly reported side effects when taking Nizonide tablets 500mg include, headache, stomach pain, upset stomach, change in colour of urine.

When should Nizonide not be used?

You should not use Nizonide tablets 500mg if you:

  • are allergic to nitazoxanide or any ingredients in Nizonide
  • are pregnant or are breastfeeding
  • have kidney or liver disease
  • are taking medicines that interact with Nizonide, including warfarin, which increases risk of drug toxicity

How should Nizonide be taken?

You should take your Nizonide tablets 500mg, swallowed whole with a glass of water and with food twice daily (every 12 hours) for 3 days.  Your symptoms should improve within 3 days, if not you should visit your doctor.

How long should you take Nizonide?

You should take your Nizonide tablets 500mg for 3 days and if your symptoms have not improved you should visit your doctor.

Missed dose of Nizonide

If you miss a dose of Nizonide tablets 500mg take it as soon as you remember, unless it is time to take the next dose, then skip the missed dose.  Do not take a double dose.

How should Nizonide be stored?

You should store your Nizonide tablets 500mg below 25°C in a cool dry place. 

 

Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 750mg)

Cipflox general information

What is Cipflox used for?

Cipflox tablets 750mg are an antibiotic medication used to treat uncomplicated and complicated bacterial infections in adults, caused by a wide range of susceptible bacteria in various parts of the body.  Cipflox tablets 750mg are used to treat pneumonia (community acquired as outpatients), caused by various bacteria, but should not be the antibiotic of first choice for pneumonia caused by Pneumococcus.  Cipflox tablets 750mg are also use to treat infections of the skin and soft tissue, such as impetigo and cellulitis; also of the bones and joints, which can be very painful; and infections of the abdominal cavity such as peritonitis.  Cipflox tablets 750mg are also used to treat infections of the urogenital system, including adnexitis (infection and inflammation of the ovary and the fallopian tubes), prostatitis (infection and inflammation of the prostate), gonorrhoea, infections of the efferent urinary tract like cystitis and pyelonephritis (infection and inflammation of the kidney).  Cipflox tablets 750mg are used to treat sepsis, which is a serious and life-threatening condition that occurs as a result of the body’s response to an infection.  It is caused by chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection, which can result in damage to tissues and organs.  Cipflox tablets 750mg may also be used after inhalation of anthrax spores, as post exposure prophylaxis to reduce risk of pulmonary disease.  Cipflox tablets 750mg are also used to treat acute pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa; also complicated urinary tract infections or pyelonephritis due to E.coli in children over the age of 5 years.   

How does Cipflox work?

Cipflox tablets 750mg contain the antibiotic ciprofloxacin that belongs to the fluoroquinolones group of antibiotics and is a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacteria including, Klebsiella, Haemophilus, Enterobacter, E. coli, Pseudomonas, Legionella, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Listeria and Chlamydia.  Ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 750mg works by inhibiting several bacterial enzymes (bacterial topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase) needed for the bacteria to replicate and repair its DNA.  This action of ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 750mg kills the bacteria by blocking its growth and preventing the spread of infection.  Cipflox tablets 750mg do not work against viruses which use a different mechanism to grow and replicate.  

What does Cipflox contain?

Cipflox tablets 750mg contain the active ingredient ciprofloxacin, a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.  They also contain microcrystalline cellulose, maize starch, pregelatinised maize starch, crospovidone, colloidal anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, polydextrose, hypromellose, glycerol triacetate, macrogol.

Treating bacterial infection with Cipflox

Cipflox tablets 750mg contain ciprofloxacin a synthetic broad spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic that used to treat uncomplicated and complicated bacterial infections in adults, caused by a wide range of susceptible bacteria in various parts of the body.  Infections that Cipflox tablets 750mg are suitable for include, pneumonia; infections of the skin, soft tissue bones and joints; infections of the urogenital system; infections of the abdominal cavity; sepsis and to reduce risk of pulmonary disease following inhalation of anthrax spores.  Cipflox tablets 750mg are also used to treat acute pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis and complicated urinary tract infections in children over the age of 5 years.  Ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 750mg works by inhibiting several bacterial enzymes needed for the bacteria to replicate and repair its DNA.  This action of ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 750mg kills the bacteria by blocking its growth and preventing the spread of infection. 

What are the side effects of Cipflox?

The most commonly reported side effects when taking Cipflox tablets 750mg include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, rash, headache, altered taste, arthralgia (joint pain).  Very rarely taking Cipflox tablets 750mg is associated with an increased risk of tendonitis and tendon rupture with increased risk if you are over the age of 60 years, taking systemic steroids or have received a kidney, heart or lung transplant.

When should Cipflox not be used?

You should not use Cipflox tablets 750mg if you:

  • are allergic to ciprofloxacin or any ingredients in Cipflox
  • are pregnant or are breastfeeding
  • have kidney or liver disease
  • history of tendon disease/disorder related to quinolone treatment
  • have epilepsy or a history of convulsion
  • have a history of stroke, heart attack or heart failure, without discussion with your doctor
  • have myasthenia gravis
  • are taking medicines that interact with Cipflox, including the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, anti-arrhythmics like amiodarone, tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptylene, macrolides antibiotics like azithromycin, clarithromycin, antipsychotics like olanzapine,, mineral supplements, sucralfate, omeprazole or antacids for ulcers and reflux, probenecid for gout, theophylline for asthma, caffeine and methylxanthines (found in some medicines and in drinks such as coffee, tea, cola), phenytoin for seizures, some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the immunosuppressant cyclosporine, anticoagulants like warfarin, oral antidiabetic medications like glibenclamide, methotrexate for cancer treatment, the antiemetic metoclopramide, the antidepressant duloxetine, ropinirole for Parkinson’s disease, clozapine for schizophrenia, sildenafil for erectile dysfunction

What medications interact with Cipflox?

Several medications interact with Cipflox tablets 750mg and should either not be taken while you are taking Cipflox or only after discussion and instruction from your doctor:

  • Drugs that cause a serious reaction or increase side effects with Cipflox: the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, anti-arrhythmics like amiodarone, tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptylene, macrolides antibiotics like azithromycin, clarithromycin, antipsychotics like olanzapine, theophylline for asthma, some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the immunosuppressant cyclosporine,
  • Drugs that affect Cipflox: mineral supplements, sucralfate, omeprazole or antacids for ulcers and reflux, probenecid for gout, the antiemetic metoclopramide
  • Drugs that are affected by Cipflox: the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, theophylline for asthma, caffeine and methylxanthines (found in some medicines and in drinks such as coffee, tea, cola), phenytoin for seizures, anticoagulants like warfarin, oral antidiabetic medications like glibenclamide, methotrexate for cancer treatment, the antidepressant duloxetine, ropinirole for Parkinson’s disease, clozapine for schizophrenia, sildenafil for erectile dysfunction

How should Cipflox be taken?

You should take your Cipflox tablets 750mg swallowed whole with a glass of water, with or without food.  The dose you take and how often, depends on what you are being treated for and your doctor’s recommendations, which for most infections is usually one tablet twice daily for 7 to 14 days, but the dose or length of time you need to take your Cipflox tablets 750mg for may be increased depending on the severity of your infection and your response to treatment.  You should not consume dairy products that are high in calcium (milk and yoghurt) or calcium-fortified orange juice, unless they are part of a meal as this may affect the absorption of ciprofloxacin.  Avoid direct exposure to excessive sunlight or UV-light as this can cause photosensitisation (sunburn-like skin reactions).  You should continue to take your Cipflox tablets 750mg for as long as recommended by your doctor.

How long should you take Cipflox?

You should continue to take your Cipflox tablets 750mg for as long as recommended by your doctor.

Missed dose of Cipflox

If you miss a dose of Cipflox tablets 750mg take it as soon as you remember, unless it is time to take the next dose, then skip the missed dose.  Do not take a double dose.

How should Cipflox be stored?

You should store your Cipflox tablets 750mg below 25°C in a cool dry place.  

Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 250mg)

Cipflox general information

What is Cipflox used for?

Cipflox tablets 250mg are an antibiotic medication used to treat uncomplicated and complicated bacterial infections in adults, caused by a wide range of susceptible bacteria in various parts of the body.  Cipflox tablets 250mg are used to treat pneumonia (community acquired as outpatients), caused by various bacteria, but should not be the antibiotic of first choice for pneumonia caused by Pneumococcus.  Cipflox tablets 250mg are also use to treat infections of the skin and soft tissue, such as impetigo and cellulitis; also of the bones and joints, which can be very painful; and infections of the abdominal cavity such as peritonitis.  Cipflox tablets 250mg are also used to treat infections of the urogenital system, including adnexitis (infection and inflammation of the ovary and the fallopian tubes), prostatitis (infection and inflammation of the prostate), gonorrhoea, infections of the efferent urinary tract like cystitis and pyelonephritis (infection and inflammation of the kidney).  Cipflox tablets 250mg are used to treat sepsis, which is a serious and life-threatening condition that occurs as a result of the body’s response to an infection.  It is caused by chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection, which can result in damage to tissues and organs.  Cipflox tablets 250mg may also be used after inhalation of anthrax spores, as post exposure prophylaxis to reduce risk of pulmonary disease.  Cipflox tablets 250mg are also used to treat acute pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa; also complicated urinary tract infections or pyelonephritis due to E.coli in children over the age of 5 years.   

How does Cipflox work?

Cipflox tablets 250mg contain the antibiotic ciprofloxacin that belongs to the fluoroquinolones group of antibiotics and is a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacteria including, Klebsiella, Haemophilus, Enterobacter, E. coli, Pseudomonas, Legionella, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Listeria and Chlamydia.  Ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 250mg works by inhibiting several bacterial enzymes (bacterial topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase) needed for the bacteria to replicate and repair its DNA.  This action of ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 250mg kills the bacteria by blocking its growth and preventing the spread of infection.  Cipflox tablets 250mg do not work against viruses which use a different mechanism to grow and replicate.  

What does Cipflox contain?

Cipflox tablets 250mg contain the active ingredient ciprofloxacin, a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.  They also contain microcrystalline cellulose, maize starch, pregelatinised maize starch, crospovidone, colloidal anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, polydextrose, hypromellose, glycerol triacetate, macrogol.

Treating bacterial infection with Cipflox

Cipflox tablets 250mg contain ciprofloxacin a synthetic broad spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic that used to treat uncomplicated and complicated bacterial infections in adults, caused by a wide range of susceptible bacteria in various parts of the body.  Infections that Cipflox tablets 250mg are suitable for include, pneumonia; infections of the skin, soft tissue bones and joints; infections of the urogenital system; infections of the abdominal cavity; sepsis and to reduce risk of pulmonary disease following inhalation of anthrax spores.  Cipflox tablets 250mg are also used to treat acute pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis and complicated urinary tract infections in children over the age of 5 years.  Ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 250mg works by inhibiting several bacterial enzymes needed for the bacteria to replicate and repair its DNA.  This action of ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 250mg kills the bacteria by blocking its growth and preventing the spread of infection. 

What are the side effects of Cipflox?

The most commonly reported side effects when taking Cipflox tablets 250mg include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, rash, headache, altered taste, arthralgia (joint pain).  Very rarely taking Cipflox tablets 250mg is associated with an increased risk of tendonitis and tendon rupture with increased risk if you are over the age of 60 years, taking systemic steroids or have received a kidney, heart or lung transplant.

When should Cipflox not be used?

You should not use Cipflox tablets 250mg if you:

  • are allergic to ciprofloxacin or any ingredients in Cipflox
  • are pregnant or are breastfeeding
  • have kidney or liver disease
  • history of tendon disease/disorder related to quinolone treatment
  • have epilepsy or a history of convulsion
  • have a history of stroke, heart attack or heart failure, without discussion with your doctor
  • have myasthenia gravis
  • are taking medicines that interact with Cipflox, including the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, anti-arrhythmics like amiodarone, tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptylene, macrolides antibiotics like azithromycin, clarithromycin, antipsychotics like olanzapine,, mineral supplements, sucralfate, omeprazole or antacids for ulcers and reflux, probenecid for gout, theophylline for asthma, caffeine and methylxanthines (found in some medicines and in drinks such as coffee, tea, cola), phenytoin for seizures, some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the immunosuppressant cyclosporine, anticoagulants like warfarin, oral antidiabetic medications like glibenclamide, methotrexate for cancer treatment, the antiemetic metoclopramide, the antidepressant duloxetine, ropinirole for Parkinson’s disease, clozapine for schizophrenia, sildenafil for erectile dysfunction

What medications interact with Cipflox?

Several medications interact with Cipflox tablets 250mg and should either not be taken while you are taking Cipflox or only after discussion and instruction from your doctor:

  • Drugs that cause a serious reaction or increase side effects with Cipflox: the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, anti-arrhythmics like amiodarone, tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptylene, macrolides antibiotics like azithromycin, clarithromycin, antipsychotics like olanzapine, theophylline for asthma, some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the immunosuppressant cyclosporine,
  • Drugs that affect Cipflox: mineral supplements, sucralfate, omeprazole or antacids for ulcers and reflux, probenecid for gout, the antiemetic metoclopramide
  • Drugs that are affected by Cipflox: the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, theophylline for asthma, caffeine and methylxanthines (found in some medicines and in drinks such as coffee, tea, cola), phenytoin for seizures, anticoagulants like warfarin, oral antidiabetic medications like glibenclamide, methotrexate for cancer treatment, the antidepressant duloxetine, ropinirole for Parkinson’s disease, clozapine for schizophrenia, sildenafil for erectile dysfunction

How should Cipflox be taken?

You should take your Cipflox tablets 250mg swallowed whole with a glass of water, with or without food.  The dose you take and how often, depends on what you are being treated for and your doctor’s recommendations, which for most infections is usually one tablet twice daily for 7 to 14 days, but the dose or length of time you need to take your Cipflox tablets 250mg for may be increased depending on the severity of your infection and your response to treatment.  You should not consume dairy products that are high in calcium (milk and yoghurt) or calcium-fortified orange juice, unless they are part of a meal as this may affect the absorption of ciprofloxacin.  Avoid direct exposure to excessive sunlight or UV-light as this can cause photosensitisation (sunburn-like skin reactions).  You should continue to take your Cipflox tablets 250mg for as long as recommended by your doctor.

How long should you take Cipflox?

You should continue to take your Cipflox tablets 250mg for as long as recommended by your doctor.

Missed dose of Cipflox

If you miss a dose of Cipflox tablets 250mg take it as soon as you remember, unless it is time to take the next dose, then skip the missed dose.  Do not take a double dose.

How should Cipflox be stored?

You should store your Cipflox tablets 250mg below 25°C in a cool dry place.  

Cipflox (Ciprofloxacin 500mg)

Cipflox general information

What is Cipflox used for?

Cipflox tablets 500mg are an antibiotic medication used to treat uncomplicated and complicated bacterial infections in adults, caused by a wide range of susceptible bacteria in various parts of the body.  Cipflox tablets 500mg are used to treat pneumonia (community acquired as outpatients), caused by various bacteria, but should not be the antibiotic of first choice for pneumonia caused by Pneumococcus.  Cipflox tablets 500mg are also use to treat infections of the skin and soft tissue, such as impetigo and cellulitis; also of the bones and joints, which can be very painful; and infections of the abdominal cavity such as peritonitis.  Cipflox tablets 500mg are also used to treat infections of the urogenital system, including adnexitis (infection and inflammation of the ovary and the fallopian tubes), prostatitis (infection and inflammation of the prostate), gonorrhoea, infections of the efferent urinary tract like cystitis and pyelonephritis (infection and inflammation of the kidney).  Cipflox tablets 500mg are used to treat sepsis, which is a serious and life-threatening condition that occurs as a result of the body’s response to an infection.  It is caused by chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection, which can result in damage to tissues and organs.  Cipflox tablets 500mg may also be used after inhalation of anthrax spores, as post exposure prophylaxis to reduce risk of pulmonary disease.  Cipflox tablets 500mg are also used to treat acute pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa; also complicated urinary tract infections or pyelonephritis due to E.coli in children over the age of 5 years.   

How does Cipflox work?

Cipflox tablets 500mg contain the antibiotic ciprofloxacin that belongs to the fluoroquinolones group of antibiotics and is a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacteria including, Klebsiella, Haemophilus, Enterobacter, E. coli, Pseudomonas, Legionella, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Listeria and Chlamydia.  Ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 500mg works by inhibiting several bacterial enzymes (bacterial topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase) needed for the bacteria to replicate and repair its DNA.  This action of ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 500mg kills the bacteria by blocking its growth and preventing the spread of infection.  Cipflox tablets 500mg do not work against viruses which use a different mechanism to grow and replicate.  

What does Cipflox contain?

Cipflox tablets 500mg contain the active ingredient ciprofloxacin, a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.  They also contain microcrystalline cellulose, maize starch, pregelatinised maize starch, crospovidone, colloidal anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, polydextrose, hypromellose, glycerol triacetate, macrogol.

Treating bacterial infection with Cipflox

Cipflox tablets 500mg contain ciprofloxacin a synthetic broad spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic that used to treat uncomplicated and complicated bacterial infections in adults, caused by a wide range of susceptible bacteria in various parts of the body.  Infections that Cipflox tablets 500mg are suitable for include, pneumonia; infections of the skin, soft tissue bones and joints; infections of the urogenital system; infections of the abdominal cavity; sepsis and to reduce risk of pulmonary disease following inhalation of anthrax spores.  Cipflox tablets 500mg are also used to treat acute pulmonary exacerbation of cystic fibrosis and complicated urinary tract infections in children over the age of 5 years.  Ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 500mg works by inhibiting several bacterial enzymes needed for the bacteria to replicate and repair its DNA.  This action of ciprofloxacin in Cipflox tablets 500mg kills the bacteria by blocking its growth and preventing the spread of infection. 

What are the side effects of Cipflox?

The most commonly reported side effects when taking Cipflox tablets 500mg include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, rash, headache, altered taste, arthralgia (joint pain).  Very rarely taking Cipflox tablets 500mg is associated with an increased risk of tendonitis and tendon rupture with increased risk if you are over the age of 60 years, taking systemic steroids or have received a kidney, heart or lung transplant.

When should Cipflox not be used?

You should not use Cipflox tablets 500mg if you:

  • are allergic to ciprofloxacin or any ingredients in Cipflox
  • are pregnant or are breastfeeding
  • have kidney or liver disease
  • history of tendon disease/disorder related to quinolone treatment
  • have epilepsy or a history of convulsion
  • have a history of stroke, heart attack or heart failure, without discussion with your doctor
  • have myasthenia gravis
  • are taking medicines that interact with Cipflox, including the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, anti-arrhythmics like amiodarone, tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptylene, macrolides antibiotics like azithromycin, clarithromycin, antipsychotics like olanzapine,, mineral supplements, sucralfate, omeprazole or antacids for ulcers and reflux, probenecid for gout, theophylline for asthma, caffeine and methylxanthines (found in some medicines and in drinks such as coffee, tea, cola), phenytoin for seizures, some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the immunosuppressant cyclosporine, anticoagulants like warfarin, oral antidiabetic medications like glibenclamide, methotrexate for cancer treatment, the antiemetic metoclopramide, the antidepressant duloxetine, ropinirole for Parkinson’s disease, clozapine for schizophrenia, sildenafil for erectile dysfunction

What medications interact with Cipflox?

Several medications interact with Cipflox tablets 500mg and should either not be taken while you are taking Cipflox or only after discussion and instruction from your doctor:

  • Drugs that cause a serious reaction or increase side effects with Cipflox: the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, anti-arrhythmics like amiodarone, tricyclic antidepressants like amitriptylene, macrolides antibiotics like azithromycin, clarithromycin, antipsychotics like olanzapine, theophylline for asthma, some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the immunosuppressant cyclosporine,
  • Drugs that affect Cipflox: mineral supplements, sucralfate, omeprazole or antacids for ulcers and reflux, probenecid for gout, the antiemetic metoclopramide
  • Drugs that are affected by Cipflox: the muscle relaxant tizanidine for cystic fibrosis, theophylline for asthma, caffeine and methylxanthines (found in some medicines and in drinks such as coffee, tea, cola), phenytoin for seizures, anticoagulants like warfarin, oral antidiabetic medications like glibenclamide, methotrexate for cancer treatment, the antidepressant duloxetine, ropinirole for Parkinson’s disease, clozapine for schizophrenia, sildenafil for erectile dysfunction

How should Cipflox be taken?

You should take your Cipflox tablets 500mg swallowed whole with a glass of water, with or without food.  The dose you take and how often, depends on what you are being treated for and your doctor’s recommendations, which for most infections is usually one tablet twice daily for 7 to 14 days, but the dose or length of time you need to take your Cipflox tablets 500mg for may be increased depending on the severity of your infection and your response to treatment.  You should not consume dairy products that are high in calcium (milk and yoghurt) or calcium-fortified orange juice, unless they are part of a meal as this may affect the absorption of ciprofloxacin.  Avoid direct exposure to excessive sunlight or UV-light as this can cause photosensitisation (sunburn-like skin reactions).  You should continue to take your Cipflox tablets 500mg for as long as recommended by your doctor.

How long should you take Cipflox?

You should continue to take your Cipflox tablets 500mg for as long as recommended by your doctor.

Missed dose of Cipflox

If you miss a dose of Cipflox tablets 500mg take it as soon as you remember, unless it is time to take the next dose, then skip the missed dose.  Do not take a double dose.

How should Cipflox be stored?

You should store your Cipflox tablets 500mg below 25°C in a cool dry place.  

Betaloc CR 190mg (Metoprolol)

Betaloc CR general information

What is Betaloc CR used for?

Betaloc CR tablets 190mg are used to treat a variety of conditions of the cardiovascular system including, control of hypertension (high blood pressure) by lowering blood pressure to reduce the risk of complications such as stroke and heart attack; management of angina (chest pain) in patients with heart disease; long-term prevention of myocardial infarction (heart attack); treatment of heart failure to improve survival and quality of life; and control of most forms of arrhythmias and dysrhythmias (irregular heart beat or rhythm) and palpitations. Betaloc CR tablets are also used for preventing migraine, and as a supplementary treatment for hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Betaloc CR tablets work through a common mechanism in several different body systems to manage the condition and relieve symptoms by reducing heart rate (pulse), workload on the heart (force needed to pump) and oxygen demand by the heart, which increases blood flow and lowers blood pressure.

How does Betaloc CR work?

Betaloc CR tablets 190mg contain metoprolol, which is a beta-blocker or selective beta 1-receptor antagonist and acts by blocking the action of chemicals called catecholamines, such as adrenaline (epinephrine), which are released by the adrenal glands in response to nerve stimulation during physical and mental stress. Adrenaline works via beta-receptors in the heart to stimulate increased heart rate and constriction (narrowing) of blood vessels. These actions of adrenaline are reduced or inhibited by metoprolol in Betaloc CR tablets, to slow heart rate, dilate (widen) blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and increase blood flow and oxygen to the heart. Since beta-receptors are found in many tissues, particularly the heart, kidneys, vascular smooth muscle in blood vessel walls, lung, skeletal muscle and liver, all short-term and long-term symptom relief due to taking Betaloc CR, is based on blocking beta-receptors in the target tissue. Betaloc CR tablets are formulated for controlled release so that metoprolol is that released in a sustained and time controlled manner, to ensure a more even effect over 24 hours, which provides better symptom relief with fewer side effects.

What does Betaloc CR contain?

Betaloc CR tablets 190mg contain the active ingredient metoprolol succinate, a beta-blocker used to treat variety of conditions of the cardiovascular system and other conditions. They also contain ethylcellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, paraffin, polyethylene glycol, silicon dioxide, sodium stearyl fumarate, titanium dioxide

What Betaloc CR doses are available?

Betaloc CR tablets are available to order and buy online from Inhouse Pharmacy in doses of 23.75mg, 47.5mg, 95mg and 190mg.

Treating blood pressure (hypertension) with Betaloc CR

Betaloc CR tablets 190mg contain metoprolol, which is a beta-blocker and acts by blocking the action of chemicals called catecholamines, such as adrenaline (epinephrine), which are released by the adrenal glands in response to nerve stimulation during physical and mental stress. Betaloc CR tablets 190mg are used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) by widening blood vessels, reducing heart rate (number of heart beats) and reducing the force of the heart contraction. These actions lower blood pressure and help the heart to cope better, reducing symptoms of breathlessness on exertion and reducing the risk of complications such as stroke and heart attack, due to high blood pressure.

Treating heart disease with Betaloc CR

Betaloc CR tablets 190mg contain metoprolol, which is a beta-blocker and acts by blocking the action of chemicals called catecholamines, such as adrenaline (epinephrine), which are released by the adrenal glands in response to nerve stimulation during physical and mental stress. Betaloc CR tablets 190mg are used to treat a variety of conditions of the cardiovascular system to improve survival, reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life in patients with heart disease, including, control of hypertension (high blood pressure), management of angina (chest pain); long-term prevention of myocardial infarction (heart attack) and treatment of heart failure.

What are the side effects of Betaloc CR?

The mot common side effects reported while taking Betaloc CR tablets 190mg include: tiredness, dizziness when you change position, cold hands and feet, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain, constipation, palpitations, weight gain, sleep disturbances or nightmares, shortness of breath on exertion, mood changes or confusion, dry eyes.

When should Betaloc CR not be used?

You should not use Betaloc CR tablets 190mg if you:
  • are allergic to metoprolol or any other ingredients in Betaloc CR tablets
  • have a history of obstructive lung disorder, bronchial asthma or bronchospasm
  • are diabetic and taking hypoglycaemic therapy, without discussion with your doctor as metoprolol may prolong the hypoglycaemic response to insulin
  • are pregnant or breast feeding, without discussion with your doctor
  • have, poor peripheral blood circulation, uncontrolled heart failure, low blood pressure (hypotension),
  • have a phaeochromocytoma (a rare tumour of the adrenal gland) which is not already being treated with other medicines
  • have certain other heart problems
  • are taking medication that may interact with Betaloc CR tablets, including: other medicines for high blood pressure; angina or an irregular heart beat such as calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, verapamil, and nifedipine), antiarrhythmics (disopyramide) digoxin, clonidine, hydralazine; other beta-blockers, including eye drops; the antibiotic rifampicin; adrenaline for emergencies like anaphylaxis; monoamine oxidase inhibitors; antiinflammatories like ibuprofen or indomethacin; cimetidine for reflux and ulcers; chlorpromazine for psychiatric disorders.

How should Betaloc CR be taken?

You should take your Betaloc CR tablets 190mg with a glass of water, swallowed whole, with or without food, usually once daily either morning or evening, but at the same time each day. You should take Betaloc CR tablets according to your doctor’s recommendations and the number of capsules you take each day, how often you take them and for how long depends on the condition you are being treated for. The dose you are taking may be increased by your doctor. You must take your capsules every day, as instructed and if you are advised to stop taking them, withdrawal should be gradual and treatment should not be discontinued abruptly.

How long should you take Betaloc CR?

You should take your Betaloc CR tablets 190mg for as long as your doctor recommendations, which may be for a few days, weeks, months or longer depending on the condition you are being treated for.

Missed dose of Betaloc CR

If you miss a dose of Betaloc CR tablets 190mg take it as soon as you remember, unless it is time to take the next dose, then skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose.

How should Betaloc CR be stored?

You should store your Betaloc CR tablets 190mg in a cool dry place below 25°C, protected from light and moisture.


All medicines have risks and benefits, and individual results may vary. Only purchase medicines from this site in accordance with the advice you have obtained from an appropriate medical professional.
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